Customers have become more demanding. We expect the products we buy and use to last a long time, function properly, and outlast the warranty period. Our high standards stretch all the way down to our carpets. We anticipate them remaining stain-resistant and looking fresh for several years. Fortunately, with new stain-resistant applications, we can extend the life of our carpets for years and years with proper maintenance.
Understanding the Properties of Stain Resistant Fibers
The term “5th generation nylon” refers to a carpet that is truly stain-resistant. While stain-resistant, these fibers are not stain-proof. To comprehend how carpet can be rendered stain-resistant, we must first identify a stain. A stain is something that has added color to the carpet fabrics and will not come off with routine cleaning.
Some stains are easy to get rid of. Others are difficult, if not impossible, to fully eliminate. The red food coloring commonly used in soft drinks is one form of stain that gives carpet owners nightmares. The fabrics in these items are colored in the same way as carpet is dyed in the factory. An acid-based dye system is used to dye 5th generation nylon carpet fabrics in the factory. The dye registers on the acid side of the pH scale, indicating that it is acidic. Dye sites are microscopic areas on the surface of nylon fibers. Negatively charged dye sites are present. Many staining agents, such as food coloring, are positively charged, as are acid-based dyes. Since opposites attract, dye molecules bind to dye sites on nylon fibers, resulting in the desired color. Staining agents, on the other hand, will achieve the same result.
“Invisible Dye’s” Mysteries
Not all of the dye sites on the carpet are filled when it is dyed. Any acid-based, positively charged stain molecule may bind itself to this open space. To help avoid staining, fiber manufacturers developed a method in which open dye sites are filled with “colorless dye.” Acid dye resistors (ADRs) are these “colorless dyes.” ADRs make it harder for stains to penetrate dye sites indefinitely, giving you more time to blot and clean a spill until it becomes a permanent stain. Many food spills would permanently stain the carpet if it weren’t for ADRs!
ADRs are not the same as fluorochemical soil retardants like Scotchgard or Teflon, which are carpet protectors. Soil-retardants made of fluorochemicals help carpets withstand common soils, stains, and spills. Modern carpets last much longer and clean up much easier than carpets from previous generations thanks to a combination of soil retardants and acid dye resistors.
The factory-applied acid-dye resistors can be damaged by a variety of factors. The use of the wrong form of cleaning agents by untrained, uneducated carpet cleaners will void your carpet’s stain-resist warranty. That is why, when it comes to getting your carpets professionally washed, Bluegrass Cleaning Company is always the best option. Major carpet manufacturers prescribe the processes, cleaning agents, and equipment we use. Your carpets can remain cleaner for longer when we use a high-quality fluorochemical shield. As a result, your carpets will look great, avoid stains, and last longer, preserving your warranty.